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Eldvörp Volcano Craters │ Iceland Photo Gallery

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Published: 05/27/2021 Rating:
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Eldvörp Volcano Craters │ Iceland Photo Gallery

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Eldvörp - gígaröð frá 13. öld
Eldvarpahraun er eitt þeirra hrauna sem runnu í Reykjaneseldum á tímabilinu 1211-1240
Suðurendi Eldvarpagígaraðarinnar er við vestanvert Staðarberg, þar sem hraunið hefur runnið í sjó, en í norðri endar hún tæpa 2 km vestur af Bláa lóninu. Hún er alls um 10 km löng en nokkuð slitrótt. Mest hraunframleiðsla hefur verið í Eldvörpum, skammt sunnan miðju gígaraðarinnar.
Flatarmál Eldvarpahrauns er um 20 km2. Gígarnir á Eldvarpagígaröðinni eru gjall- og klepragígar og eru sumir þeirra allstæðilegir. Hraunið er ýmist slétt helluhraun, uppbrotið helluhraun eða úfið kargahraun.
Jarðhiti er í Eldvörpum er nýttur til orkuframleiðslu í Svartsengi.
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Eldvörp – Crader row from 13th century A.D.
Eldvörp is a row of scoria and spatter cones formed in the Reykjanes Fires 1210-1240 AD in the Svartsengi volcanic system. The craters lie in a NE-SW trending row, extending from the south coast about 10 km inland.
The lava emitted from the crater row is one of the most voluminous Holocene lava flows on the Reykjanes Peninsula, covering c. 20 km2.